It works by measuring the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells.
The higher your blood sugar levels, the more hemoglobin you'll have with sugar attached. The results of this test are  :.
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If the A1C test isn't available, or if you have certain conditions that can make the A1C test inaccurate — such as if you're pregnant or have an uncommon form of haemoglobin known as a haemoglobin variant — your doctor may use the following tests to diagnose diabetes:. If you do not currently have Diabetes, but are at risk, or simply concerned, diabetes screening is recommended for:. Diabetes is a serious condition if it is not closely monitored and controlled. If a person's blood sugar becomes too high for an extended period of time, it can cause damage to multiple areas of the body;.
At this moment in time there is no current cure for diabetes, there is only treatment available to help keep the blood glucose levels as normal as they possibly could be in order to help prevent further complication later on in life. Given that type 2 diabetes will usually get worse over time, those with type 2 diabetes will eventually be placed on some kind of medication to help with the management of their diabetes.
There are a number of different medications that can be used to control blood glucose levels but the most commonly known is Metformin.
Treating Type 1 Diabetes…Without Insulin – PR News
Metformin works by affecting the amount of glucose your liver can release into your bloodstream, as well as making the body's cells more responsive to insulin. It does this by activating the energy-regulating enzyme AMP-Kinase in the liver and the muscles. Sulphonylureas increase the endogenous release of insulin from the pancreas.
These medicines are prescribed when the patient is unable to take Metformins or if they are not overweight. However it may be prescribed in conjunction with Metformin, if Metformin is not lowering blood glucose levels on its own. Glitazones work by essentially making the body's cells more sensitive to insulin, meaning that more glucose is taken from the bloodstream. It does so by activating nuclear receptors and promoting esterification and the storage of free fatty acids in the subcutaneous adipose tissue.
What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
These drugs will usually cause weight gain and swelling of the ankles oedema as side effects. These work by stopping the breakdown of the hormone GLP-1, the hormone which helps the body produce insulin in a response to high levels of glucose in the blood, but is quickly broken down. In preventing this breakdown, the gliptins prevent high levels of glucose in the blood, without causing moments of hypoglycaemia.
This is an injectable drug which performs a similar action to that of the natural hormone, GLP It is injected twice daily in order to help boost the insulin production when there are high levels of blood glucose, reducing blood glucose, but without the risk of going into a hypoglycemic attack. Damage to the nervous system is a systemic problem that may occur with diabetes. Foot neuropathy is common in patients with diabetes, therefore diabetic foot care is an important aspect of the medical management of diabetic patients.
Numbness and tingling of the feet can cause foot injury and wounds to go unnoticed, which may lead to breakdown and infectious wounds of the skin. Damage to the nervous system also impairs sweat secretion and oil production of the foot. If proper lubrication of the foot does not occur, this leads to abnormal pressure on the skin, bones, and joints during walking and will also result in skin breakdown and sores on the foot.
Diabetic patients must be aware how to prevent foot problems before they happen. Treatment for diabetic foot problems have recently improved, but prevention remains the best way to prevent complications. You may have to take it for the rest of your life. Adjusting your diet and being active is also necessary to keep your blood sugar level down.
There are many types of medicine for type 2 diabetes. It can take time to find a medicine and dose that's right for you. Over time, you may need a combination of medicines. Your GP or diabetes nurse will recommend the medicines most suitable for you. Insulin is not often used for type 2 diabetes in the early years. Type 2 comes on in later life, especially in the overweight and often runs in families.
- Type 1 diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes?
- Type 1 diabetes.
- What causes type 2 diabetes??
- Type 2 Diabetes?
- Diabetes mellitus type 2 (non-insulin dependent, mature age onset)?
Diabetes can be caused by various factors: It can be genetic, meaning it is in your family history. It can be caused by a disorder of the pancreas which is the organ which produces insulin.
It can be drug-induced e. Obesity or remaining overweight is a contributory factor in type 2 diabetes.